Thursday, February 18, 2010

Kalpathy Viswanatha swamy temple

Kalpathi Temple / Kalapathy Temple,
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The Kalpathy Vishwanatha Swamy shrine is the oldest Shiva temple situated 3 kms
from Palakkad.The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is famous for the annual
Chariot Festival. The festival is a gala event and lasts for seven days.
The Kalpathy Vishwanatha Swamy temple is the oldest Shiva temple in Malabar.It
was built around 1425 A.D. by Kombi Achan; the then raja of Palakkad.Kalpathy Car
Festival is based on Vedic Tamil Brahmin Culture.
On the last three days of the car festival, beautifully decorated temple chariots are
ceremoniously drawn through the streets by thousands of devotees whose soul
stirring chants rent the air. Three magnificent chariots, bedecked with flowers and
flags, dominate the festival, each sanctified by the presence of the lord. Crowds of
people and millions of hands try to reach out to be one of the privileged to have the
honor of pulling the chariots, as they proceed in stately grandeur.
The weeklong annual Chariot Festival begins in the month of November, every year.
Thousands of devotees haul the huge, intricately carved temple chariots through the
streets.Vedic recitals are held in the temple throughout the festival. Vedic chants
sonorously recited by the Vedic scholars escorting the god, makes Kalpathy come
alive with the spirit of true devotion and joyous celebration. The Tamil Brahmin
villages adjacent to the temple have been declared a World Heritage site. A visit to
these villages offer a glimpse of the cultural life that existed 1000 years ago.
Legend has it that a Brahmin widow named Lakshmiammal went to Banaras and
brought Lingam and installed in the present site on the Southern bank of river Neela
Bhagirathi. The location of the temple and steps leading to the river brings mind of a
visitor the Banaras Temples on the bank of Ganges. Hence this temple is called
"Kasiyil Pakuthi Kalpathy" (Half Banaras).
The primacy of Sree “Viswanatha Swamy” Temple in Palakkad Town is even today
accepted, as the deities of all the temples of the town is taken in procession to the
Viswanatha Swamy Temple on Mamankam day held once in 12 years. An inscription in
Vattezuthe on a stone planted to the east of this temple records some endowments
witnessed by Itikombi Achan, a member of the Palakkad Royal family in Malayalam Era
600 (1424-25 AD). Evidently this temple was consecrated earlier and if we are to go by
legends, it was built at the instance of one Lakshmy Ammal a widow of Sekaripuram
who gave the Prince 1320 gold coins to build the temple and entrusted with him its
management. This trustee system still continues in the temple.
Presently it is located at the meeting point of Old and New Kalpathy. There are about 150
houses on each side of the temple. Recently, these have been declared as “The Heritage”
by the Archeological Survey of India , since such a large congregation of tiled line houses
sharing walls belonging to the old architecture is found here only. It takes one down the
memory lane to show that civilization survived and prospered only at places where water
was found in abundance. It rightly places Palakkad district as the rice bowl of Kerala.

1 comment:

  1. I was a resident of New Kalpathy and its adjoining agraharam, Govindarajapuram for many years, during 1952-68. Other than Viswanathaswamy, the other deities are Manthakkara Ganapthy, Old Kalpathy Perumal, Chathapuram Ganapathy and 12th street Ganapathy. Chariots belonging to all these temples congregate on the last day of the chariot festival near Viswanathaswamy temple. The event is known as "Radhasamgamam". An elephant is employed to push the mammoth chariot of Viswanatha. No elephant is used for Manthakkara Ganapathy, although it is equally massive, as the deity in the chariot is also an "Elephant God". Famous nadaswara vidwan parties lead the pallakku procession of all the deities at the end of the Chariot festival. The chariots of Old Kalpathy Perumal and Chathapuram Ganapathy are much smaller and can be pulled by devotees without much hardship.